(kwahn-ZAH) is an annual cultural observance, which
is recognized by Black people from December 26 thru January 1,
- Kwanzaa is
- Kwanzaa is
- Kwanzaa is not
related to Christmas.*
* Annual Kwanzaa observances begin
on December 26th, each year]
HISTORY OF KWANZAA
The concept of Kwanzaa was formulated, devised, developed and initiated by
Maulana Ron Karenga,
December 26, 1966.
Dr. Karenga created
Kwanzaa, based upon
the premise of
"that social revolutionary
change for Black America can be achieved by the act of revealing and disclosing
individuals to their cultural African heritage."
MEANING OF KWANZAA
kwahn-ZAH) is a Swahili word that
translates into English as "first."
Swahili to English Dictionary
Query Results for "kwanza"
adj, first. (< anza V).
in the beginning. (< anza V).
Kwanzaa [note the
extra letter "a"], is a word that was created by Dr. Maulana
Karenga, who derived the meaning of the word "Kwanzaa" from the phrase
"matunda ya kwanza"
tunda translates as "fruit" [singular]
matunda translates as "fruits" [plural]. "matunda ya
kwanza" literally translates as: "Fruits of the Beginning" Transliteration:
Esco Babatunde II <email@example.com>
Kwanzaa was inspired by the
"matunda ya kwanza", i.e. "first fruits" celebrations, on the
continent of Africa.
SYMBOLS OF KWANZAA
= THE CROPS
These are symbolic of African harvest celebrations and of the rewards
of productive and collective labor.
= KWANZAA MAT
This is symbolic of our tradition and history and therefore, the
foundation on which we build.
- KINARA =
KWANZAA CANDLE HOLDER
This is symbolic of our roots, our parent people -- continental
This is symbolic of our children and our future which they embody.
- MISHUMAA SABA
= KWANZAA CANDLES
These are symbolic of the Nguzo Saba, the Seven Principles of
the matrix and minimum set of values which African people are urged to
live by in order to rescue and reconstruct their lives in their own
image and according to their own needs.
- KIKOMBE CHA UMOJA
= UNITY CUP
This is symbolic of the foundational principle and practice of unity
which makes all else possible.
= KWANZAA GIFTS
These are symbolic of the labor and love of parents and the
commitments made and kept by the children.
Gifts are given mainly to children, but must always include a book and
a heritage symbol. The book is to emphasize the African value and
tradition of learning stressed since ancient Egypt, and the heritage
symbol to reaffirm and reinforce the African commitment to tradition
SUPPLEMENTAL KWANZAA SYMBOLS:
is based on the
colors of the BENDERA, AFRIKAN LIBERATION FLAG,
which was adopted by the Honorable Marcus Garvey as national colors for
African people all over the world.
- NGUZO SABA POSTER
Poster of The Seven
Blood shed by Black people.
Land which belongs to Black people.
FOCUS OF KWANZAA
observances serve to reinforce manifesting the
principles of Kwanzaa, as a way of life, on a daily basis - by
reflecting on the past, in order to understand the present and plan for the
centers around seven (7)
principles, with particular emphasis on the
social, political, economic and cultural needs of Black people.
The Seven Principles of
Kwanzaa are called the
which represent the
living practices which helped and inspired our African ancestors to endure
oppression, under the unjust global system White Supremacy [functional
"Let's pull together"